Needs Assessment

Training Needs and Gap Analysis The 2016 Hazard Mitigation (HM) Training Needs and Gap Analysis aligned the competencies required to qualify in HM Cadre Position against the learning objectives of required training, and validated them or identified gaps.
Meeting Planning and Facilitation W&A provided Catholic Charities USA (CCUSA) with meeting preparation, design, facilitation, and reporting expertise as they reviewed and developed recommendations on improving future grant initiatives.

Training Strategies

Curriculum Plans The Hazard Mitigation (HM) Field Operations Curriculum Revision Plan is an element of a long-range curriculum plan for the HM Field Operations Mitigation Cadre that provides a strategy for revising and developing training to meet the changing needs of the HM Cadre.
Position Task Books Each Position Task Book (PTB) lists a general description of an observable behavior/activity, followed by the competency and the associated performance requirements. These are written as tasks for the specific position in a format that allows a trainee to be evaluated. Successful performance of all tasks, as observed and recorded by an evaluator, is required prior to a recommendation that the trainee be certified as qualified in the position...


After a thorough review and analysis of PTBs for each of the 34 FEMA Qualification System (FQS) Titles in the Hazard Mitigation (HM) Cadre, W&A assisted the HM Cadre in developing revised task descriptions for the 34 HM Cadre PTBs.

Training Optimization

Course Format Conversion E0162 Workshop: Hazard Mitigation (HM) Insurance in Disaster Operations was converted to IS 158 HM Insurance in Disaster Operations. These and other web based courses provide training that can be easily accessed and completed at the learner’s own pace.
Just-in-Time Training Offers FEMA Floodplain Management Specialists the opportunity to attain knowledge and skills needed to advise and provide technical assistance to communities as they address substantial improvement/substantial damage requirements during disaster recovery.


Toxicologic Outbreak Investigation Training supports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Environmental Health in providing just-in-time training for international and domestic public health practitioners, on the identification and investigation of outbreaks caused by toxic sources.

Training Content Rebuild in Learning Content Management System (LCMS) The contents of FEMA course material are programmed into the Emergency Management Institute (EMI’s) LCMS to enable shared content and to facilitate timely course revision.
Blended Training Packages Environmental Health Training in Emergency Response (Two Courses) Developed for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this training is designed for Environmental Health Specialists with emergency responsibilities; it includes a prerequisite web-based foundational course converted from classroom instruction, followed by EHTER Operations training conducted at FEMA’s Center for Domestic Preparedness.

New Training Development 

Interactive Web Based Courseware Hazard Mitigation in Disaster Operations Independent Study Courses (Six Courses)


This project includes conversion of four workshops and development of two new courses for the Hazard Mitigation (HM) disaster workforce cadre in the following topic areas:  HM Community Education and Outreach, HM Planning, HM Floodplain Management, HM Insurance, HM Hazards and Performance Analysis; and Hazard Mitigation management support.


Instructor-led Training Introduction to Hazard Mitigation Field Operations provides foundational training for members of the Hazard Mitigation (HM) Cadre, including current regulations, concepts, processes, and resources essential to the success of the Hazard Mitigation Field Operations mission in disasters.
Operational Training EHTER Operations provides Environmental Health Specialists the opportunity to learn and practice skills in simulated emergency environments to prepare them to perform responsibilities in real events.

On the Job Training

Tools Using the Substantial Damage Estimator (SDE) Tool  is web-based training that enables floodplain management staff to learn and practice the use of this tool designed for use in communities recovering from disaster damage.
Expedient Mentoring The Hazard Mitigation Mentoring Guide and Job Aids supports supervisors and mentors in implementing an expedient mentoring program to ensure staff are trained to perform hazard mitigation tasks at a disaster assignment.
Operational Guidance The Hazard Mitigation Field Operations Guide (HMFOG) consists of five function-specific operating guides, designed to provide HM Cadre members with guidance and job aids needed to accomplish mission-essential tasks consistent with FEMA strategic priorities.
The Hazard Mitigation Concept of Operations (CONOPS) was developed and later revised to provide a high level description of FEMA Hazard Mitigation field operations, including the mission and mission-essential tasks, and how those tasks are implemented in a disaster.
Job Aids The Hazard Mitigation (HM) Disaster Recovery Center (DRC) Resource Kit supports FEMA Community and Education Outreach Specialists with illustrations, references and handouts to enhance their ability to provide assistance to disaster-affected individuals and families.
Videos Hazard Mitigation Basics for Mitigation Staff Videos demonstrate key information FEMA Specialists communicate to disaster survivors and local government officials on mitigation strategies for Hurricanes, Tornados, Earthquakes, and Wildfires.


Reaction The HM Hazards and Performance Analysis Participant Feedback Form is a sample of a Level I evaluation used to survey participant reaction to training.
Pre and Post Tests Pre and Post Test Sample Questions demonstrate how learning is assessed prior to and following a foundational level course.



Contact Wightman & Associates for samples of pre and post test questions.

Performance Benchmarks Sample Benchmarks for Demonstrating Performance in skill based training.

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